Personal Risk Factor
 
Risk factors to health
Health and wellbeing are affected by many factors, and those that are associated with ill health, disability, disease or death are known as risk factors. Risk factors are presented here individually, however in practise they do not operate in isolation. They often coexist and interact with one another.
 
Behavioural risk factors
Risk factors that can be eliminated or reduced through lifestyle or behavioural changes include:
  tobacco smoking
  excessive alcohol consumption
  poor diet and nutrition
  physical inactivity
  excessive sun exposure
 insufficient vaccination
 unprotected sexual activity.
 
Biomedical risk factors
Biomedical risk factors may be influenced by a combination of genetic, lifestyle and other broad factors. Biomedical risk factors include:
  overweight and obesity
  high blood pressure
  high blood cholesterol 
  impaired glucose tolerance

Environmental risk factors
Environmental determinants of health cover a wide array of topics, and can be split into two broad categories.
 Social, economic, cultural and political
 Physical, chemical and biological

Genetic risk factors
Some diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy, result entirely from an individual's genetic make-up whereas many others reflect the interaction between that make-up and environmental factors.
There are three broad groups of genetic diseases / disorders:
 single gene (monogenic) disorders, for example haemophilia;
 chromosomal abnormalities, for example Down syndrome;
 and multifactorial diseases, such as asthma.

Demographic risk factors
Demographic factors include age, sex, and population subgroups. Examples of risk associated with demographic factors include:
 Stroke death rates increase dramatically with age, with 81% of all deaths from stroke occurring among those aged 75 and over.
 A woman's risk of developing breast cancer before age 75 is 1 in 11, whereas for men the chance is only 1 in 1,426.
 
 
  • Dear Bác Sơn,
    World Cat Puma Vietnam would like to say thank you very much for the Health Talk on First Aid Response from Bác Sơn today. Our staff extremely enjoyed the training & practicing time when joining the class, and we wish the training could be longer J. We have got many useful and valuable information f...
  • FMP Staff
    Thank FMP for supporting our event. Your devotional support was quite helpful for making wonderful Korean Event. Event profits were donated to Korean people and Korean organization which are in financial difficulty. We ask for your continuous interest and affection. Thank you. President of HCMC Ko...
  • To: FMP Team
    To the wonderful FMP Team, Just few words before leaving your warm clinic, on my way back to Israel, Thanks for your professionalism and kindness, for taking care so well of me during all this week. Wish all of you the best! Patricia Liora, Room no.1 week 17 - 25/03/12
  • To: Dr. Yaron
    Dear Dr Yaron and all the nurses at HCMC Family Medical Practice. Thank you for making our teacher better. Miss Katy is very happy to be back at school.
  • Dr. Jane Shadwell-Li - Internal Medicine
    Dear Dr. Jane Li, Thank you so much for all you did for Anders and I. We both really appreciate it. We are currently on our way to Hanoi, and then home. Without your generosity, things would have been very different. Thanks! - Rana.
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