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Are you high?
 
ARE YOU HIGH?
(high sugar we mean)

Diabetes mellitus is increasing all over the world particularly in Asia. According to the 2014 annual report of the International Federation of Diabetes, 387 million people were estimated to be living with diabetes. At the same time it is also estimated to increase to 592 million within the next twenty years.

Based on recently published medical articles, type 2 diabetes mellitus has increased in Vietnam.

What is diabetes mellitus type 2?
This is a metabolic disorder in which the body increases the blood sugar to rise. Diabetes mellitus type 2 is the most common form.

What are the symptoms?



Most people are often asymptomatic in its early stages and can remain undiagnosed for many years. Early detection and treatment can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes.

If you noted that you have these symptoms, please see a doctor. He or she will test your fasting blood sugar, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and/or HgbAic. Fasting blood sugar as the test implies is checking your sugar levels after 10 hours of fasting. OGTT test is a test wherein your sugar is tested after eating a specific amount of sugar. HgbAic is a test to check the control of blood sugar.

Who are at risk?
DM type 2 is more common for the ffg:
• family history (parents and/or siblings)
• certain racial/ethnic groups
• older
• obese
• have sedentary lifestyle
• hypertension and/or have history of heart disease
• women who have polycystic ovarian disease, gestational diabetes

What are the complications?
This is metabolic disease which affects almost every other system in the body.
• cardiovascular diseases (e.g. hypertension, heart attack, stroke)
• blindness
• renal failure
• nerve problems: numbness and/or tingling sensation in hands and feet. If unchecked and there is a non-healing wound in the feet (since the person cannot feel it), this may lead to lower limb amputation.
• pregnancy: large babies

How to stop progress?

We cannot over emphasize the importance of lifestyle changes. Once your doctor tells you that your sugar is elevated, start exercising! Based on American Heart Association, 30 minutes of moderate to intense aerobic activity at least 5x a week for a total of 150 minutes is  recommended. Start by walking. You can start slowly at 10 minutes a day. You can spread your activity out during the week, so you don't have to do it all at once. You can divide your time into two or three segments of 10 to 15 minutes per day.

Having a healthy well balanced diet is also important. You can read more about this at American Diabetes Association website.
 
 
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- family medical - phong kham gia dinh

- family medical - phong kham gia dinh